Endometriosis: Best Treatment Options to Consider
Endometriosis is a condition in which tissue similar to the lining of the womb begin growing in other places, for example, the ovaries and the fallopian tubes. It is a condition that can affect women at any age, but is mostly prevalent amongst women in their 30s and 40s.
Endometriosis is a long-term condition and it can have major impact on your life. However, there are many treatment options that can help reduce the impact it has on your daily routine and lifestyle.
Before focusing on the endometriosis treatment in India, it is essential to know the symptoms so that they can be recognized and dealt with at the initial stage. The symptoms are:
- Pain in lower abdomen or back, including pelvic pain, is a major symptom. This gets worse during period.
- Period pain can get so intense that it hinders with your daily activities and you may also experience heavy periods.
- You may experience pain during or after sex, or even during urinating and passing bowels.
- You may feel sick, constipated or suffer from diarrhea.
- You may also notice blood in your pee during period.
- You can also face difficulty in getting pregnant.
If you experience these symptoms, it is a good idea to consult a doctor you trust. Your doctor will ask you about your symptoms and examine your stomach and vagina. A doctor may ask you to get a pelvic exam, ultrasound, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and/or a laparoscopy for an accurate diagnosis. The doctor will then recommend treatments based on his/her evaluation of your condition, if you have any.
There are various treatments for endometriosis. Some are medication-based whereas others include surgery. It is advised to get in touch with doctors from reputed hospitals like Fortis La Femme to ensure the best results from the treatment. Listed below are the treatment options one can consider:
- Pain Medication
Your doctor may recommend over-the-counter pain reliever, the likes of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB) or naproxen sodium (Aleve) so that the painful menstrual cramps are more bearable. At the same time, your doctor may also recommend hormone therapy along with pain relievers if you are not trying to get pregnant.
- Hormone Therapy
At times, supplemental hormones are effective in reducing or eliminating the pain caused by endometriosis. Menstrual cycle causes a rise and fall of hormones and this thickens the endometrial implants, leading to breakage and bleeding. Hormone therapy can slow down the growth of endometrial tissue and it can also prevent new implants of the tissue.
If you suffer from endometriosis and are trying to get pregnant, a surgery to remove the implants and simultaneously preserve the uterus and ovaries may be a better idea. Surgery can also help with the pain.
- Fertility Treatment
This treatment is more for the condition that comes with endometriosis than the condition itself. This condition can lead to trouble in conceiving. If you are facing difficulty in getting pregnant, treatment from stimulating the ovaries to making more eggs via vitro fertilization can be performed.
- Hysterectomy and Oophorectomy
At one point of time, surgery to remove the uterus, also known as hysterectomy, and ovaries, also known as oophorectomy, was considered the most effective way to treat endometriosis. But doctors nowadays are moving away from this approach as it leads to hitting menopause earlier. Instead, they are focusing on careful removal of all endometriosis tissue as this does not lead to premature removal of hormones, thus maintaining a more healthy balance. Additionally, it was found out that despite these surgeries, the symptoms would often return along with the pain and an early menopause.